Bach | Beethoven : Fugue
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Australian Chamber Orchestra
Richard Tognetti director and violin
“This CD covers the gamut of expressive musical possibilities –
from extreme anguish and despair to heart-aching simplicity, from intellectual rigour
and pure consonance to shattering dissonance. It is everything.” –
The Australian Chamber Orchestra and Richard Tognetti showcase two works of genius by Beethoven and Bach. Recorded live in concert, these seminal works are given a new lease of life, opening up new soundworlds through the vitality and virtuosity for which the ACO has become globally renowned.
Both Bach and Beethoven wrote these pieces towards the end of their lives. Beethoven’s Grosse Fuge was originally conceived as the final movement to his last string quartet; in it, the genre moves away from salon music into what Tognetti describes as “hyper-controlled cacophony, rousing responses ranging from rapture to despair”. This was too much for Beethoven’s contemporaries, and the quartet was soon given a more orthodox ending. In this album the Grosse Fuge is returned to its original place, and is presented in an arrangement for string orchestra by Tognetti which, in his words, is “careful not to exploit the greater dynamic capabilities at the expense of the innerlich heart of Beethoven’s uniquely powerful music”.
Bach’s The Art of Fugue was left unfinished at his death, and is a work shrouded in mystery: it is unclear for what instrument it was originally written. A masterclass in the fugue – a form in which a single musical theme repeats and weaves around itself – the first four movements are presented here using strings, winds and even the voices of the orchestra to bring out the polyphonal parts which, in Bach’s hands, speak as one.
Critical acclaim for the concerts at which this album was recorded include praise for the ACO’s “uncanny blend of muscularity and airiness” (The Daily Telegraph) and “restless dynamism” (Sydney Morning Herald).
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH 1685–1750
The Art of Fugue, BWV1080 (selections)
1. Contrapunctus I
2. Contrapunctus II
3. Contrapunctus III
4. Contrapunctus IV
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN 1770–1827
String Quartet in B-flat major, Op. 130 (with Grosse Fuge, Op. 133)
5 I. Adagio ma non troppo – Allegro
6 II. Presto
7 III. Andante con moto ma non troppo (poco scherzoso)
8 IV. Alla danza tedesca: Allegro assai
9 V. Cavatina: Adagio molto espressivo
10 VI. Grosse Fuge